Chlorin accumulation rate as a proxy for Quaternary marine primary productivity.

Harris, P. G., Zhao, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Tiedemann, Ralf, Sarnthein, M. and Maxwell, J. R. (1996) Chlorin accumulation rate as a proxy for Quaternary marine primary productivity. Nature, 383 (6595). pp. 63-65. DOI 10.1038/383063a0.

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Abstract

A knowledge of past changes in the biological productivity of the oceans is important for understanding the interactions between carbon cycling and climate. Phytoplankton productivity in today's oceans can be estimated from the concentrations of chlorophyll in sea water1, but chlorophyll is not preserved in the sediments. Existing proxies for past algal productivity do not represent total productivity; for example, biogenic opal2 reflects the contribution of only part of the phytoplankton community, and the organic carbon record can be subject to contamination from terrestrial inputs2,3. Although chlorins, the pigment-transformation products of chlorophyll, are widespread in Quaternary marine sediments, their potential as proxy measures of past variations in primary productivity has not been convincingly demonstrated. Here we report a high-resolution molecular stratigraphic record of chlorin concentrations over the past 350,000 years in a sediment core from the subtropical Atlantic continental margin. Maxima in the chlorin accumulation rate coincide with significant peaks in the accumulation rates of biogenic opal (at the end of glacial terminations) and organic carbon (between terminations). These results suggest that chlorins, unlike other proxies, can serve as a measure of total primary productivity variations.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Chlorin accumulation rate; Marine primary productivity; Quaternary; ODP leg 108, site 658
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1038/383063a0
ISSN: 0028-0836
Projects: ODP
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 10:08
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2017 13:25
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/31274

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