Postglacial flooding history of Mayotte lagoon (Comoro archipelago, southwest Indian Ocean).

Zinke, Jens, Reijmer, John, Thomassin, B. A., Dullo, Wolf-Christian , Grootes, P. M. and Erlenkeuser, H. (2003) Postglacial flooding history of Mayotte lagoon (Comoro archipelago, southwest Indian Ocean). Marine Geology, 194 . pp. 181-198. DOI 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00705-3.

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Abstract

Four cores from the fringing reefs and five sediment cores from Mayotte Lagoon, Comoro Archipelago, southwest Indian Ocean, which reached the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary, form the database of this study. They offer the opportunity to reexamine and complete the postglacial sea-level curve, especially for the time interval between 11.6 to 8 kyr cal BP. Between 11.6 kyr cal BP until present the history of sea-level rise showed the following steps: (1) by about 19 mm/yr between 11.6 and 9.6 kyr cal BP, (2) by 9 mm/yr between 9.6 and 8 kyr cal BP, (3) by 3 mm/yr between 8 and 7 kyr cal BP, and (4) by 0.9 mm/yr after 7 kyr cal BP until stabilisation at present level at 2.5 kyr cal BP. In addition, a decline in the rates of sea-level rise or even a stillstand is observed between 13 to 11.6 kyr cal BP. The flooding of the lagoon of Mayotte was controlled by the depth of the reefal passages, which were cut by rivers and/or due to erosion during the time of emergence since the last interglacial. The differences in the shape of the sea-level curve from Mayotte compared to those from other sites located far from the former glaciated regions are related to: (1) the small size of the island, (2) the rapid downward movement of this small volcanic island with the oceanic plate into the mantle due to hydro–isostatic compensation after addition of meltwater, and (3) the location between large continents.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Holocene, Younger Dryas, sea-level curve, fringing reef cores, sediment cores, southwest Indian Ocean
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00705-3
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: CORDET
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 11:55
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/3133

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