Interactive effects of ocean acidification and nitrogen limitation on two bloom-forming dinoflagellate species

Eberlein, T, Van de Waal, D. B., Brandenburg, K. M., John, U, Voss, M, Achterberg, Eric P. and Rost, B (2016) Interactive effects of ocean acidification and nitrogen limitation on two bloom-forming dinoflagellate species Marine Ecology Progress Series, 543 . pp. 127-140. DOI 10.3354/meps11568.

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Abstract

Global climate change involves an increase in oceanic CO2 concentrations as well as thermal stratification of the water column, thereby reducing nutrient supply from deep to surface waters. Changes in inorganic carbon (C) or nitrogen (N) availability have been shown to affect marine primary production, yet little is known about their interactive effects. To test for these effects, we conducted continuous culture experiments under N limitation and exposed the bloomforming dinoflagellate species Scrippsiella trochoidea and Alexandrium fundyense (formerly A. tamarense) to CO2 partial pressures (pCO(2)) ranging between 250 and 1000 mu atm. Ratios of particulate organic carbon (POC) to organic nitrogen (PON) were elevated under N limitation, but also showed a decreasing trend with increasing pCO(2). PON production rates were highest and affinities for dissolved inorganic N were lowest under elevated pCO(2), and our data thus demonstrate a CO2-dependent trade-off in N assimilation. In A. fundyense, quotas of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins were lowered under N limitation, but the offset to those obtained under N-replete conditions became smaller with increasing pCO(2). Consequently, cellular toxicity under N limitation was highest under elevated pCO(2). All in all, our observations imply reduced N stress under elevated pCO(2), which we attribute to a reallocation of energy from C to N assimilation as a consequence of lowered costs in C acquisition. Such interactive effects of ocean acidification and nutrient limitation may favor species with adjustable carbon concentrating mechanisms and have consequences for their competitive success in a future ocean.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/205150
Additional Information: WOS:000370178100008
Keywords: Dinoflagellates; Ocean acidification; Nitrogen limitation; Paralytic shellfish poisoning; PSP toxins
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
AWI
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3354/meps11568
ISSN: 0171-8630
Related URLs:
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2016 12:39
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 12:46
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/31814

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