Origin of enriched components in the South Atlantic: Evidence from 40 Ma geochemical zonation of the Discovery Seamounts.

Schwindrofska, Antje, Hoernle, Kaj , Hauff, Folkmar , van den Bogaard, Paul, Werner, Reinhard and Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter (2016) Origin of enriched components in the South Atlantic: Evidence from 40 Ma geochemical zonation of the Discovery Seamounts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 441 . pp. 167-177. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.02.041.

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Abstract

Spatial geochemical zonation is being increasingly recognized in Pacific and Atlantic hotspot tracks and is believed to reflect zonation within plumes upwelling from the margins of the Large Low Shear Velocity Provinces (LLSVPs) at the base of Earth’s mantle. We present new 40Ar/39Ar age data for the Discovery Rise (South Atlantic Ocean) that show an age progression in the direction of plate motion from 23Ma in the southwest to 40Ma in the northeast of the Rise, consistent with formation of the Rise above a mantle plume. The lavas have incompatible element and Sr–Nd–Pb–Hf radiogenic isotope characteristics similar to the enriched DUPAL anomaly occurring in the southern hemisphere. The northern chain of seamounts is compositionally similar to the adjacent Gough subtrack of the bilaterally-zoned Tristan–Gough hotspot track, whereas the southern chain has some of the most extreme DUPAL compositions found in South Atlantic intraplate lavas thus far. The nearby southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge, believed to interact with the Discovery hotspot, shows a similar spatial geochemical distribution, consistent with the Discovery hotspot being zoned over its entire 40Ma history. Our study implies a deep origin for the DUPAL anomaly, suggesting recycling of subcontinental lithospheric mantle (±lower crust) and oceanic crust through the lower mantle. The presence of an additional (Southern Discovery) DUPAL-like component, in addition to the Tristan and Gough/Northern Discovery components, in long-term zoned South Atlantic hotspots, points to the presence of a third lower mantle reservoir and thus is not consistent with the simple model that bilaterally-zoned plumes sample a chemically distinct LLSVP and the ambient mantle outside of the LLSVP.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000375164900016
Keywords: mantle plume, geochemical zonation, low-µ, DUPAL anomaly, Large Low Shear Velocity Provinces, RV Maria S. Merian, MSM19
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.02.041
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: Future Ocean
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2016 13:32
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:00
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/31892

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