Cape Verde Frontal Zone.

Zenk, Walter, Klein, Birgit and Schröder, Michael (1991) Cape Verde Frontal Zone. Deep Sea Research Part A: Oceanographic Research Papers, 38 (S1). S505-S530. DOI 10.1016/S0198-0149(12)80022-7.

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The term Cape Verde Frontal Zone is introduced to characterize the southeastern corner of the subtropical gyre circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean far west of the upwelling area off the Mauretanean shelf. Two water mass fronts, one overlying the other, are identified with a quasi-synoptic set of CTD-OZ and nutrient data from November 1986. In the warm water sphere we encounter North and South Atlantic Central Water (NACWISACW) superimposed on extensions of Mediterranean outflow and Antarctic Intermediate Water. The Central Water Boundary, as the separator of NACW from SACW, represents the southeastern side of the Canary/North Equatorial Current system. It acts as a barrier between the well-ventilated, nutrient-poor inner part of the basin-wide circulation of the North Atlantic and the shadow zone with its lowly oxygenated and nutrified cross-equatorial influx. Year-long current meter records, having fluctuations over typical time scales of 5(1`90 days, attest to the highly variable nature of the Cape Verde Frontal Zone. Incidentally, we observe in the data an intrathermocline eddy, called Meddy BIRGIT, which has a double maximum in the vertical salinity structure. Simultaneous Lagrangian observations by RiCHAttDSON et al. (1989, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19, 371-383) confirm the expected anticyclonic motion of this salt lens, which must have travelled without significant mixing for at least 2500 km from its likely generation region in the Gulf of Cadiz.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0198-0149(12)80022-7
ISSN: 0198-0149
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2016 10:13
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 06:51

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