Upper-level circulation in the South Atlantic Ocean.

Peterson, Ray G. and Stramma, Lothar (1991) Upper-level circulation in the South Atlantic Ocean. Open Access Progress in Oceanography, 26 (1). pp. 1-73. DOI 10.1016/0079-6611(91)90006-8.

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Abstract

In this paper we present a literature survey of the South Atlantic's climate and its oceanic upper-layer circulation and meridional heat transport. The opening section deals with climate and is focused upon those elements having greatest oceanic relevance, i.e., distributions of atmospheric sea level pressure, the wind fields they produce, and the net surface energy fluxes. The various geostrophic currents comprising the upper-level general circulation are then reviewed in a manner organized around the subtropical gyre, beginning off southern Africa with the Agulhas Current Retroflection and then progressing to the Benguela Current, the equatorial current system and circulation in the Angola Basin, the large-scale variability and interannual warmings at low latitudes, the Brazil Current, the South Atlantic Current, and finally to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current system in which the Falkland (Malvinas) Current is included. A summary of estimates of the meridional heat transport at various latitudes in the South Atlantic ends of the survey

Document Type: Article
Keywords: ANTARCTIC CIRCUMPOLAR CURRENT; MERIDIONAL HEAT-TRANSPORT; BOTTOM PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS; WEDDELL-SCOTIA CONFLUENCE; EASTERN TROPICAL ATLANTIC; WIND-DRIVEN CIRCULATION; BENGUELA CURRENT REGION; AGULHAS CURRENT SYSTEM; POLAR FRONTAL ZONE; DRAKE PASSAGE
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0079-6611(91)90006-8
ISSN: 0079-6611
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2016 10:52
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2018 09:18
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32117

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