Drilling to Gabbro in Intact Ocean Crust.

Wilson, D.S., Teagle, D.A.H., Alt, J.C., Banerjee, N.R., Umino, S., Miyashita, S., Acton, G.D., Anma, R., Barr, S.R., Belghoul, A., Carlut, J., Christie, D., Coggon, R.M., Cooper, K.M., Cordier, C., Crispini, L., Durand, S.R., Einaudi, F., Galli, L., Gao, Yinzhi, Geldmacher, Jörg , Gilbert, L.A., Hayman, N.W., Herrero-Bervera, E., Hirano, N., Holter, S., Ingle, S., Jiang, S., Kalberkamp, U., Kerneklian, M., Koepke, J., Laverne, C., Vasquez, H.L.L., Maclennan, J., Morgan, S., Neo, N., Nichols, H. J., Park, S.-H., Reichow, M.K., Sakuyama, T., Sano, T., Sandwell, R., Scheibner, B., Smith-Duque, C.E., Swift, S.A., Tartarotti, P., Tikku, A.A., Tominaga, M., Veloso, E.A., Yamasaki, T., Yamazaki, S. and Ziegler, C. (2006) Drilling to Gabbro in Intact Ocean Crust. Science, 312 (5776). pp. 1016-1020. DOI 10.1126/science.1126090 .

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Abstract

Sampling an intact sequence of oceanic crust through lavas, dikes, and gabbros is necessary to advance the understanding of the formation and evolution of crust formed at mid-ocean ridges, but it has been an elusive goal of scientific ocean drilling for decades. Recent drilling in the eastern Pacific Ocean in Hole 1256D reached gabbro within seismic layer 2, 1157 meters into crust formed at a superfast spreading rate. The gabbros are the crystallized melt lenses that formed beneath a mid-ocean ridge. The depth at which gabbro was reached confirms predictions extrapolated from seismic experiments at modern mid-ocean ridges: Melt lenses occur at shallower depths at faster spreading rates. The gabbros intrude metamorphosed sheeted dikes and have compositions similar to the overlying lavas, precluding formation of the cumulate lower oceanic crust from melt lenses so far penetrated by Hole 1256D.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ocean drilling, Gabbro, eastern Pacific Ocean, Hole 1256D, ODP Leg 206, IODP Exp. 309, IODP Exp. 312
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
OceanRep > SFB 574 > C2
OceanRep > SFB 574
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1126/science.1126090
ISSN: 0036-8075
Projects: ODP, IODP
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 18:45
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/3214

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