Flowering time regulation in crops - what did we learn from Arabidopsis?.

Bluemel, Martina, Dally, Nadine and Jung, Christian (2015) Flowering time regulation in crops - what did we learn from Arabidopsis?. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 32 . pp. 121-129. DOI 10.1016/j.copbio.2014.11.023.

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Abstract

The change from vegetative to reproductive growth is a key developmental switch in flowering plants. In agriculture, flowering is a prerequisite for crop production whenever seeds or fruits are harvested. An intricate network with various (epi-) genetic regulators responding to environmental and endogenous triggers controls the timely onset of flowering. Changes in the expression of a single flowering time (FTi) regulator can suffice to drastically alter FTi. FTi regulation is of utmost importance for genetic improvement of crops. We summarize recent discoveries on FTi regulators in crop species emphasizing crop-specific genes lacking homologs in Arabidopsis thaliana. We highlight pleiotropic effects on agronomically important characters, impact on adaptation to new geographical/climate conditions and future perspectives for crop improvement.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.copbio.2014.11.023
ISSN: 0958-1669
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2016 11:00
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 11:56
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32418

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