Influence of homogenized residues of anaerobic digestate on the physicochemical properties of differently textured soils.

Voelkner, Amrei, Holthusen, Doerthe and Horn, Rainer (2015) Influence of homogenized residues of anaerobic digestate on the physicochemical properties of differently textured soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 178 (2). pp. 261-269.

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Abstract

Because of the focus on renewable energy, new biogas digesters are being built with the consequence of an increased production of anaerobic digestates (AD) as a by-product. Although they can be used as organic fertilizer on arable fields, negative impacts of these digestates also may occur. Therefore, it was the aim of this laboratory study to investigate the effect of a normally applied volume of 30 m(3) ha(-1) of anaerobic digestates derived from a ground input substrate of maize (Zea mays L.) , sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in different ratios (100 /80 / 20%) on the properties of two soils. The soils, which were homogenized (sieved to 2 mm) and placed in columns with a defined bulk density of 1.45 g cm(-3), were a Cambic Luvisol (sandy loam) derived from glacial till and a Podzol (sandy sand) derived from glazial outwash. Physicochemical parameters [pH, electrical conductivity (EC)] and the wetting behavior of the soils were analyzed by measuring the contact angle (CA) by using the Wilhelmy-Plate-Method (WPM) and the Repellency Index (RI) from the sorptivity of water and ethanol. To determine the risk of soil dispersion as a consequence of digestate amendment, the amount of readily dispersible clay (RDC) was determined by detecting the turbidity of a soil suspension. The application of 30 m(3) ha(-1) of AD decreased the wettability of the sandy sand as compared to the untreated soil, while the wettability of the loamy sand remained unaffected by the digestate amendment. The amount of RDC was higher in the loamy sand compared to the sandy sand, but the AD-amended soil did not exhibit a significant change in dispersibility. While the loamy soil exhibited acidification of the soil after digestate application, the sandy soil showed an alkalinization of soil columns. Overall, the soil texture was identified to be a main factor controlling the effect of the digestates on soil properties. The results of this lab study showed that this study can be used as a first approach for the quantification of digestate amendment under practical conditions.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0
Research affiliation: ?? agrar ??
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
ISSN: 1436-8730
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2016 03:46
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 03:46
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32734

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