Numerical modeling of water balance for temporary landfill cover in North Germany.

Widomski, Marcin K., Broichsitter, Steffen Beck, Zink, Alexander, Fleige, Heiner, Horn, Rainer and Stepniewski, Witold (2015) Numerical modeling of water balance for temporary landfill cover in North Germany. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 178 (3). pp. 401-412.

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Abstract

At the end of waste disposal in 2005, a temporary mineral system was constructed to cover the waste body of the municipal landfill in Rastorf (N Germany). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this temporary cover system in limiting the infiltration of surface water into the waste body. The numerical modeling for the hydrological year 2012 was performed in FEFLOW 6.0. The required input data for modeling were achieved by laboratory measurements of the saturated hydraulic conductivity and the water retention characteristics of the mineral layers. The assumed initial and boundary conditions were based on in-situ measurements of matrix potential and volumetric water content at three different measuring points by tensiometers, FDR sensors and observed meteorological conditions. The model was applied according to Darcy's and Richards' equations for variably saturated flow. Our results allowed assessing the components of water balance for a temporary cover system, especially water seepage into the waste body. The correlation between the measured and modeled volumetric soil water content in the layered temporary cover system was observed (R-2 = 0.56 to 0.90). Deviations between the measured and modeled values are superficially related to the soil ' s heterogeneity. In conclusion, the measured and modeled water balance parameters indicate that the temporary coverage system remains effective in limiting the infiltration rate. However, our studies revealed that the calculated and measured water seepage exceeded the values allowable by the German regulations. Additional studies have to assess variations in the soil water characteristics caused by weather-related wetting and drying cycles and influence of waste settlement changing the profile of slope.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 1
Research affiliation: ?? agrar ??
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
ISSN: 1436-8730
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2016 03:45
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 03:45
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32751

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