Parental effects on early life history traits of haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus.

Probst, Wolfgang N., Kraus, Gerd, Rideout, Rick M. and Trippel, Edward A. (2006) Parental effects on early life history traits of haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus. Open Access ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63 (2). pp. 224-234. DOI 10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.11.015.

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Gametes from five male and three female haddock ( Melanogrammus aeglefinus ) were crossed to produce 15 half-sibling families that were used to evaluate potential parental contributions to early life history variability. Larval morphology at 0 and 5 days post-hatch (dph) and time to starvation in the absence of food were examined. Maternal influences on larval standard length and yolk area were significant at 0 and 5 dph. Paternal effects on larval standard length were significant at 0 and 5 dph, whereas paternal effects on yolk area were only significant at 5 dph. Larval eye diameter was influenced by maternity at day 0 post-hatch and by both maternity and paternity at 5 dph. Myotome height of larvae was subject to maternal and paternal influences at 0 and 5 dph. Growth rate was significantly influenced by both paternity and maternity. Yolk utilization efficiency was significantly influenced by parental interaction, while the time taken for larvae to die in the absence of food was affected only by maternity. Results of this study not only confirm the importance of female contributions to larval development but also indicate a paternal influence on the development and the early life history success of marine fish.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: growth rate haddock, hatch rate, larval morphology, parental effects, yolk utilization efficiency
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.11.015
ISSN: 1054-3139
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2009 18:26
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 20:05

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