Sea surface density gradients in the Nordic Seas during the Holocene as revealed by paired microfossil and isotope proxies.

Van Nieuwenhove, Nicolas, Hillaire-Marcel, Claude, Bauch, Henning A. and de Vernal, Anne (2016) Sea surface density gradients in the Nordic Seas during the Holocene as revealed by paired microfossil and isotope proxies. Paleoceanography, 31 (3). pp. 380-398. DOI 10.1002/2015PA002815.

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Abstract

We attempt to assess the Holocene surface-subsurface seawater density gradient on millennial time scale based on the reconstruction of potential density (σθ) by combining data from dinoflagellate cyst assemblages and planktic foraminiferal (Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (s)) stable oxygen isotopes (δ18Oc). Following several calibration exercises, the likeliness of favorable seasonal preconditioning to open ocean convection is evaluated. The reconstructed σθ values reveal unfavorable conditions for vertical convection in the western Nordic Seas prior to ~7–6.5 ka B.P., with a westward increase and persistence of surface water buoyancy. Active overturning became more likely after 6.5 ka B.P. as suggested by a reduced and recurrently inverted vertical σθ gradient, while intermittent eastward spreading of lower density surface waters continued to modulate the area of potential overturning. Despite some reservation regarding the accuracy of the σθ values reconstructed, the documentation of relative changes of σθ gradients through time and space is suggested as a helpful tool for the appraisal of past overturning likeliness.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/243908
Additional Information: WOS:000374344000003
Keywords: Holocene; Nordic Seas; Deep water formation; sea surface density gradient
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015PA002815
ISSN: 0883-8305
Projects: Past4Future
Date Deposited: 27 May 2016 12:14
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:06
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32941

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