Reduced admixture of North Atlantic Deep Water to the deep central South Pacific during the last two glacial periods.

Molina-Kescher, Mario, Frank, Martin, Tapia, Raúl, Ronge, Thomas A., Nürnberg, Dirk and Tiedemann, Ralf (2016) Reduced admixture of North Atlantic Deep Water to the deep central South Pacific during the last two glacial periods. Open Access Paleoceanography, 31 (6). pp. 651-668. DOI 10.1002/2015PA002863.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Key Points: • Little deep water circulation changes in the past 240,000 years in the central South Pacific • Reduced North Atlantic Deep Water admixture during glacials to the Southern Ocean • South Pacific lithogenic material mainly sourced from SE Australia and South New Zealand

The South Pacific is a sensitive location for the variability of the global oceanic thermohaline circulation given that deep waters from the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and the Pacific basin are exchanged. Here we reconstruct the deep-water circulation of the central South Pacific for the last two glacial cycles (from 240,000 years ago to the Holocene) based on radiogenic neodymium (Nd) and lead (Pb) isotope records complemented by benthic stable carbon data obtained from two sediment cores located on the flanks of the East Pacific Rise. The records show small but consistent glacial/interglacial changes in all three isotopic systems with interglacial average values of -5.8 and 18.757 for εNd and 206Pb/204Pb, respectively, whereas glacial averages are -5.3 and 18.744. Comparison of this variability of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) to previously published records along the pathway of the global thermohaline circulation is consistent with reduced admixture of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) to CDW during cold stages. The absolute values and amplitudes of the benthic δ13C variations are essentially indistinguishable from other records of the Southern Hemisphere and confirm that the low central South Pacific sedimentation rates did not result in a significant reduction of the amplitude of any of the measured proxies. In addition, the combined detrital Nd and strontium (87Sr/86Sr) isotope signatures imply that Australian and New Zealand dust has remained the principal contributor of lithogenic material to the central South Pacific.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000379920500003 - All results presented in this study are available at the PANGAEA® database (www.pangaea.de)
Keywords: South Pacific; Nd isotopes; Pb isotopes; Sr isotopes; past deep-water circulation; past dust input; RV Sonne; SO213
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015PA002863
ISSN: 0883-8305
Projects: SOPATRA
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 07:13
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 10:22
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/32943

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