The importance of carbonate content in the acoustic stratigraphy of Panama Basin.

Mienert, Juergen (1984) The importance of carbonate content in the acoustic stratigraphy of Panama Basin. Marine Geology, 54 (3-4). pp. 237-247. DOI 10.1016/0025-3227(84)90040-9.

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DSDP cores from areas of low (Site 505) and high heat flow (Site 504 B) near the Costa Rica Rift, together with seismic profiles from the Panama Basin, have been studied to determine the relationship between: (1) carbonate content and physical and acoustic properties; and (2) carbonate content, carbonate diagenesis and acoustic stratigraphy. Except for ash and chert layers, bulk density correlates strongly and linearly with carbonate content. Velocity is uniform downcore and only small variations at a small scale are measured. Thus an abrupt change in carbonate content will cause abrupt changes in acoustic impedance and should cause reflectors that can be detected acoustically. A comparison of seismic profiler reflection records with physical properties, carbonate content and reflection coefficients indicates that the main reflectors can be identified with ash layers, diagenetic boundaries, and carbonate content variations. Diagenesis of carbonate sediments is present at Site 504 B in a 260 m-thick ooze—chalk—limestone/chert sequence. These diagenetic sequences occur in areas of higher heat flow (200 mW m−2). Seismic profiler records can be used to map the extent and depth of these diagenetic boundaries.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Panama Basin, Costa Rica Rift, carbonate, acoustic stratigraphy
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0025-3227(84)90040-9
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: Enrichment, DSDP
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2016 09:41
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 09:41

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