Even moderate nutrient enrichment negatively adds up to global climate change effects on a habitat-forming seaweed system

Werner, Franziska J., Graiff, Angelika and Matthiessen, Birte (2016) Even moderate nutrient enrichment negatively adds up to global climate change effects on a habitat-forming seaweed system Limnology and Oceanography, 61 (5). pp. 1891-1899. DOI 10.1002/lno.10342.

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Abstract

Coastal marine ecosystems have been under high anthropogenic pressure and it can be assumed that prevalent local perturbation interacts with rising global stressors under proceeding climate change. Understanding their effective pathways and cumulative effects is of high relevance not only with regard to future risk assessment, but also for current ecosystem management. In benthic mesocosms, we factorially tested the effects of one global (combined elevated seawater temperature and CO2 concentration) and one local (nutrient enrichment) stressor on a common coastal Baltic seaweed system (Fucus vesiculosus). Both treatments in combination had additive negative impacts on the seaweed—epiphyte—mesograzer system by altering its regulatory mechanisms. That is, warming decreased the biomass of two mesograzer species (weakened top-down control), whereas moderate nutrient enrichment increased epiphyte biomass (intensified bottom-up control), which ultimately resulted in a significant biomass reduction of the foundation seaweed. Our results suggest that climate change impacts might be underestimated if local pressures are disregarded. Furthermore, they give implication for local ecological management as the mitigation of local perturbation may limit climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/lno.10342
ISSN: 0024-3590
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2016 07:24
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 10:13
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/34000

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