Chromophoric and fluorescent dissolved organic matter in and above the oxygen minimum zone off Peru.

Loginova, Alexandra N. , Thomsen, Sören and Engel, Anja (2016) Chromophoric and fluorescent dissolved organic matter in and above the oxygen minimum zone off Peru. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (11). pp. 7973-7990. DOI 10.1002/2016JC011906.

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Abstract

Key Points:
- Two amino acid-like and three humic-like FDOM components were found in and above the oxygen
minimum zone off the coast of Peru
- The distribution of CDOM and amino acid-like FDOM covaried with chl a, suggesting phytoplankton as their major source
- Presence of DOM microbial reworking and DOM release by anoxic sediment was illustrated by
the distribution of humic-like FDOM As a result of nutrient upwelling, the Peruvian coastal system is one of the most productive regions in the ocean. Sluggish ventilation of intermediate waters, characteristic for the Eastern Tropical South Pacific (ETSP) and microbial degradation of a high organic matter load promotes deoxygenation at depth. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays a key role in microbial respiration and carbon cycling, but little is known on DOM distribution and cycling in the ETSP. DOM optical properties give important insights on DOM sources, structure and biogeochemical reactivity. Here, we present data and a conceptual view on distribution and cycling of chromophoric (CDOM) and fluorescent (FDOM) DOM in and above the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) off Peru. Five fluorescent components were identified during PARAFAC analysis. Highest intensities of CDOM and of the amino acid-like fluorescent component (C3) occurred above the OMZ and coincided with maximum chl a concentrations, suggesting phytoplankton productivity as major source. High intensities of a marine humic-like fluorescent component (C1), observed in subsurface waters, indicated in situ microbial reworking of DOM. FDOM release from inner shelf sediment was determined by seawater analysis and continuous glider sensor measurement and included a humic-like component (C2) with a signature typical for terrestrially derived humic acids. Upwelling supplied humic-like substances to the euphotic zone. Photo-reactions were likely involved in the production of a humic-like fluorescent component (C5). Our data show that variable biological and physical processes need to be considered for understanding DOM cycling in a highly dynamic coastal upwelling system like the ETSP off Peru.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2016JC011906
ISSN: 2169-9275
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:06
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/34638

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