Easy Volcanic Aerosol (EVA v1.0): an idealized forcing generator for climate simulations.

Toohey, Matthew , Stevens, Bjorn, Schmidt, Hauke and Timmreck, Claudia (2016) Easy Volcanic Aerosol (EVA v1.0): an idealized forcing generator for climate simulations. Open Access Geoscientific Model Development, 9 (11). pp. 4049-4070. DOI 10.5194/gmd-9-4049-2016.

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Abstract

Stratospheric sulfate aerosols from volcanic eruptions have a significant impact on the Earth's climate. To include the effects of volcanic eruptions in climate model simulations, the Easy Volcanic Aerosol (EVA) forcing generator provides stratospheric aerosol optical properties as a function of time, latitude, height, and wavelength for a given input list of volcanic eruption attributes. EVA is based on a parameterized three-box model of stratospheric transport and simple scaling relationships used to derive mid-visible (550 nm) aerosol optical depth and aerosol effective radius from stratospheric sulfate mass. Precalculated look-up tables computed from Mie theory are used to produce wavelength-dependent aerosol extinction, single scattering albedo, and scattering asymmetry factor values. The structural form of EVA and the tuning of its parameters are chosen to produce best agreement with the satellite-based reconstruction of stratospheric aerosol properties following the 1991 Pinatubo eruption, and with prior millennial-timescale forcing reconstructions, including the 1815 eruption of Tambora. EVA can be used to produce volcanic forcing for climate models which is based on recent observations and physical understanding but internally self-consistent over any timescale of choice. In addition, EVA is constructed so as to allow for easy modification of different aspects of aerosol properties, in order to be used in model experiments to help advance understanding of what aspects of the volcanic aerosol are important for the climate system.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/603557
Keywords: volcanic eruptions, climate
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/gmd-9-4049-2016
ISSN: 1991-959X
Projects: MiKlip, StratoClim, eVolv2k
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2016 07:03
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:06
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/34733

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