Seabirds and offshore wind farms in European waters: Avoidance and attraction.

Dierschke, V., Furness, R. W. and Garthe, Stefan (2016) Seabirds and offshore wind farms in European waters: Avoidance and attraction. Biological Conservation, 202 . pp. 59-68. DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.08.016.

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The extent to which seabirds are displaced from, or attracted to, offshore wind farms (OWFs) is uncertain, but rapid development of OWFs in European waters could conflict with seabird conservation. We review post-construction studies of seabirds at 20 OWFs in European waters to extract and classify evidence for displacement or attraction of 33 different seabird species. Divers and northern gannets showed consistent and strong avoidance behaviour/displacement, and this may also be the case for great crested grebe and northern fulmar. Long-tailed duck, common scoter, Manx shearwater, razorbill, common guillemot, little gull and sandwich tern showed less consistent displacement from OWFs. Several gull species and red-breasted merganser showed weak attraction, while great cormorant and European shag showed strong attraction to OWFs. Other species show little response. Displacement seems mainly to be due to bird responses to OWF structures and appears stronger when turbines are rotating, but could in part be due to boat traffic to and from OWFs. Attraction of cormorants relates at least impart to their use of structures for roosting and for drying plumage, but increases in food availability at OWFs appears to be an important influence for several species. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Dierschke, Volker Furness, Robert W. Garthe, Stefan
Keywords: Seabirds, Offshore wind farms, Displacement, Attraction, Marine habitat use
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.08.016
ISSN: 0006-3207
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2017 10:10
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 09:18

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