Symmetry of the Atlantic Nino mode.

Lübbecke, Joke F. and McPhaden, Michael J. (2017) Symmetry of the Atlantic Nino mode. Open Access Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (2). pp. 965-973. DOI 10.1002/2016GL071829.

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Abstract

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific is asymmetric for warm and cold events with respect to amplitude, spatial patterns and temporal evolution. Here the symmetry of the Atlantic Niño mode, which many previous studies have argued is governed by atmosphere–ocean dynamics similar to those of ENSO, is investigated using two different ocean reanalysis products. Calculation of Bjerknes feedback terms for the Pacific reveals a pronounced asymmetry between warm and cold events, though unlike most previous studies, the largest asymmetry is found in the relationship between eastern Pacific thermocline depth and SST anomalies. For the Atlantic, cold events are effectively mirror images of warm events with Bjerknes feedbacks of similar strength. The analysis supports not only the conclusion that Atlantic Niños are more symmetric than ENSO, but the hypothesis itself that the Bjerknes feedback is operative in the Atlantic given the strength of the relationship between the key variables involved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Atlantic Nino
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A9
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2016GL071829
ISSN: 0094-8276
Projects: SFB754
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 10:58
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:08
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/35492

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