Oceanic front in the Greenhorn Sea (late middle through late Cenomanian).

Fisher, C. G., Hay, William W. and Eicher, D. L. (1994) Oceanic front in the Greenhorn Sea (late middle through late Cenomanian). Paleoceanography, 9 (6). pp. 879-892. DOI 10.1029/94PA02114.

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An abrupt lithofacies change between calcareous shale and noncalcareous shale occurs in strata deposited in the mid-Cretaceous Greenhorn Seaway in the southeastern corner of Montana. The facies were correlated lithostratigraphically using bentonites and calcarenites. The lithocorrelations were then refined using ammonites, foraminifera, and calcareous nannofossils. Twenty-five time slices were defined within the upper middle and lower upper Cenomanian strata. Biofacies analysis indicate that lithofacies changes record the boundary or oceanic front between two water masses with distinctly different paleoceanographic conditions. One water mass entered the seaway from the Arctic and the other from the Gulf of Mexico/Tethys. The microfauna and microflora permit interpretation of the environmental conditions in each water mass. At times when the front was near vertical, the two water masses were of the same density but of different temperatures and salinities.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: oceanic front, Greenhorn Seaway, Montana, Cenomanian strata
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/94PA02114
ISSN: 0883-8305
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 09:48
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/35520

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