Active mud volcanoes on the upper slope of the western Nile deep-sea fan - first results from the P362/2 cruise of R/V Poseidon.

Feseker, Tomas, Brown, Kevin, Blanchet, Cécile, Scholz, Florian, Nuzzo, Marianne, Reitz, Anja, Schmidt, Mark and Hensen, Christian (2010) Active mud volcanoes on the upper slope of the western Nile deep-sea fan - first results from the P362/2 cruise of R/V Poseidon. Geo-Marine Letters, 30 (3/4). pp. 169-186. DOI 10.1007/s00367-010-0192-0.

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Abstract

In February 2008, cruise P362/2 was undertaken aboard R/V Poseidon to the Giza and North Alex mud volcanoes (MVs) on the upper slope of the western Nile deep-sea fan. Emitted fluids were strongly depleted in chloride and rich in hydrocarbons, predominantly of thermogenic origin. In-situ sediment temperature measurements indicate extremely high and moderate levels of activity for the North Alex MV and Giza MV, respectively, and suggest rapid changes from dormant to active stages. Both the physical properties of core sediments (e.g., color and magnetic susceptibility), and their assemblages of micro- and nannofossils point to different sources for the two mud volcanoes. Biostratigraphic dating suggests source depths of 2,100–2,450 mbsf for the Giza MV and 1,150–1,550 mbsf for the North Alex MV. Very high temperatures of up to 70°C in shallow sediments at the North Alex MV can be explained only if the fluid source were warmer and deeper than the sediment source.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Volcanology; Mud volcanoes ; POS362/2 ; RV Poseidon
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00367-010-0192-0
ISSN: 0276-0460
Projects: West Nile Delta
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2010 11:41
Last Modified: 19 May 2017 12:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/3653

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