Rapid deglacial injection of nutrients into the tropical Atlantic via Antarctic Intermediate Water.

Poggemann, David Willem, Hathorne, Ed C. , Nürnberg, Dirk , Frank, Martin, Bruhn, Imke, Reißig, Stefan and Bahr, André (2017) Rapid deglacial injection of nutrients into the tropical Atlantic via Antarctic Intermediate Water. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 463 . pp. 118-126. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.030.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• First high-resolution Cdw-record from Caribbean intermediate waters.
• Rapid nutrient enrichment during HS1 and YD.
• Tropical N-Atlantic AAIW nutrient content controlled by Southern Ocean.
• Enhanced AAIW nutrient content likely fed low to high latitude productivity.
• Dampening of the deglacial global CO2 rise by AAIW nutrient enrichment.

As part of the return flow of the Atlantic overturning circulation, Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) redistributes heat, salt, CO2and nutrients from the Southern Ocean to the tropical Atlantic and thus plays a key role in ocean–atmosphere exchange. It feeds (sub)tropical upwelling linking high and low latitude ocean biogeochemistry but the dynamics of AAIW during the last deglaciation remain poorly constrained. We present new multi-decadal benthic foraminiferal Cd/Ca and stable carbon isotope (δ13C) records from tropical W-Atlantic sediment cores indicating abrupt deglacial nutrient enrichment of AAIW as a consequence of enhanced deglacial Southern Ocean upwelling intensity. This is the first clear evidence from the intermediate depth tropical W-Atlantic that the deglacial reconnection of shallow and deep Atlantic overturning cells effectively altered the AAIW nutrient budget and its geochemical signature. The rapid nutrient injection via AAIW likely fed temporary low latitude productivity, thereby dampening the deglacial rise of atmospheric CO2.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Cdw and δ13C data are available online at the Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science, PANGAEA: www.pangaea.de.
Keywords: Atlantic intermediate water circulation, Caribbean nutrient concentrations, Cd reconstruction, Atlantic Meridional Overturning circulation, Antarctic Intermediate Water, deglacial CO2
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.030
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2017 12:44
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:01
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/36570

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