Groundwater seepage in Eckernförde Bay (Western Baltic Sea): Effect on methane and salinity distribution of the water column.

Bussmann, I. and Suess, Erwin (1998) Groundwater seepage in Eckernförde Bay (Western Baltic Sea): Effect on methane and salinity distribution of the water column. Continental Shelf Research, 18 (14-15). pp. 1795-1806. DOI 10.1016/S0278-4343(98)00058-2.

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Abstract

The effluent activity from a well-known pockmark structure in Eckernförde Bay was monitored for methane, salinity, and temperature signals in the water column intermittently over three years between 1991, 1993 and 1994. Groundwater discharge from an aquifer into the brackish waters of the western Baltic, dilutes bottom water salinities to values as low as 2.9‰. Seasurface height and the amount of precipitation preceding sampling periods by 5 days correlated significantly with the rate of groundwater discharge. Concentrations of methane in bottom water at the pockmark site were strongly influenced by seepage intensity. At two sampling sites (control and pockmark site) distinctly lower methane concentrations were observed towards the sea surface, although the entire water body of Eckernförde Bay appears to be affected by methane seeping from the sediments. This is supported by high methane concentrations above equilibrium with atmospheric methane throughout most of the year. Maximum concentration above the equilibrium value in surface waters was 2800‰. Methane flux from surface waters into the atmosphere follows strong seasonal variations, with maximum values in the winter (200–400 μmol m-2 d-1). The study reveals the important role of coastal oceans in the global methane cycle, as an intense but variable source of methane of largely unknown magnitude.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0278-4343(98)00058-2
ISSN: 0278-4343
Projects: Boknis Eck, SFB313
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 06:53
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/3666

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