The molybdenum isotopic compositions of I-, S- and A-type granitic suites.

Yang, Jie, Barling, Jane, Siebert, Christopher, Fietzke, Jan , Stephens, Ed and Halliday, Alex N. (2017) The molybdenum isotopic compositions of I-, S- and A-type granitic suites. Open Access Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 205 . pp. 168-186. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.027.

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Abstract

This study reports Mo isotopic compositions for fifty-two Palaeozoic granitic rocks with contrasting source affinities (A-, I- and S-type) from the Lachlan Fold Belt (LFB) and the New England Batholith (NEB), both in SE Australia, and three compositionally zoned plutons (Loch Doon, Criffell, and Fleet) located in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. The results show relatively large variations in δ98Mo for igneous rocks ranging from −1.73‰ to 0.59‰ with significant overlaps between different types. No relationships between δ98Mo and δ18O or ASI (Alumina Saturation Index) are observed, indicating that Mo isotopes do not clearly distinguish igneous vs. sedimentary source types. Instead, effects of igneous processes, source mixing, regional geology, as well as hydrothermal activity control the Mo isotope compositions in these granites. It is found that Mo is mainly accommodated in biotite and to a lesser extent in hornblende. Hornblende and Fe3+-rich minerals may preferentially incorporate light isotopes, as reflected by negative correlations between δ98Mo and K/Rb and [Fe2O3]. There is a positive correlation between initial 87Sr/86Sr and δ98Mo in I-type granitic rocks, reflecting the admixing of material from isotopically distinct sources. Granitic rocks from Scotland and Australia display strikingly similar curvilinear trends in δ98Mo vs. initial 87Sr/86Sr despite the differing regional geology. Localized hydrothermal effects can result in low δ98Mo in granite, as seen in three samples from Loch Doon and Criffell which have anomalously light δ98Mo of <−1‰. Based on this study, an estimate of δ98Mo = 0.14 ± 0.07‰ (95% s.e.) for the Phanerozoic upper crust is proposed. This is slightly heavier than basalts indicating an isotopically light lower crust and/or a systematic change to the crust resulting from subduction of isotopically light dehydrated slab and/or pelagic sediment over time.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/247422
Keywords: A-type; Criffell; Fleet; Granite; Granitic rock; I-type; Lachlan Fold Belt; Loch Doon; Molybdenum isotopes; S-type; The upper crust
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.027
ISSN: 0016-7037
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 08:24
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:17
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/37067

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