The late Cretaceous Klepa basalts in Macedonia (FYROM) - constraints on the final stage of tethys closure in the balkans.

Prelevic, Dejan, Wehrheim, Simon, Reutter, Magnus, Romer, Rolf L., Boev, Blazo, Bozovic, Milica, van den Bogaard, Paul, Cvetkovic, Vladica and Schmid, Stefan M. (2017) The late Cretaceous Klepa basalts in Macedonia (FYROM) - constraints on the final stage of tethys closure in the balkans. Terra Nova, 29 (3). pp. 145-153. DOI 10.1111/ter.12264.

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The waning stage(s) of the Tethyan ocean(s) in the Balkans are not well understood. Controversy centres on the origin and life-span of the Cretaceous Sava Zone, which is allegedly a remnant of the last oceanic domain in the Balkan Peninsula, defining the youngest suture between Eurasia- and Adria-derived plates. In order to investigate to what extent late-Cretaceous volcanism within the Sava zone is consistent with this model, we present new age data together with trace-element and Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data for the Klepa basaltic lavas from the central Balkan Peninsula. Our new geochemical data show marked differences between the Cretaceous Klepa basalts (Sava Zone) and the rocks of other volcanic sequences from the Jurassic ophiolites of the Balkans. The Klepa basalts mostly have Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic and trace-element signatures that resemble enriched within-plate basalts, substantially different from Jurassic ophiolite basalts with MORB, BAB and IAV affinities. Trace-element modelling of the Klepa rocks indicates 2–20% polybaric melting of a relatively homogeneously metasomatised mantle source that ranges in composition from garnet lherzolite to ilmenite+apatite bearing spinel–amphibole lherzolite. Thus, the residual mineralogy is characteristic of a continental rather than oceanic lithospheric mantle source, suggesting an intracontinental within-plate origin for the Klepa basalts. Two alternative geodynamic models are internally consistent with our new findings: i) if the Sava Zone represents remnants of the youngest Neotethyan Ocean, magmatism along this zone would be situated within the forearc region and triggered by ridge subduction; ii) if the Sava Zone delimits a diffuse tectonic boundary between Adria and Europe, which had already collided in the Late Jurassic, the Klepa basalts together with a number of other magmatic centres represent volcanism related to transtensional tectonics.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Klepa basalts, Macedonia, FYROM, late Cretaceous
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/ter.12264
ISSN: 0954-4879
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2017 13:38
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 09:13

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