Dynamic and timing of the Hinlopen/Yermak Megaslide north of Spitsbergen, Arctic Ocean.

Winkelmann, Daniel, Geissler, W. H., Schneider, Julia, Stein, Rüdiger and Schenke, H.-W. (2008) Dynamic and timing of the Hinlopen/Yermak Megaslide north of Spitsbergen, Arctic Ocean. Marine Geology, 250 (1/2). pp. 34-50. DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2007.11.013.

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Abstract

Integrated interpretation of multi-beam bathymetric, sediment-penetrating acoustic (PARASOUND) and seismic data show a multiple slope failure on the northern European continental margin, north of Spitsbergen. The first slide event occurred during MIS 3 around 30 cal. ka BP and was characterised by highly dynamic and rapid evacuation of ca. 1250 km3 of sediment from the lower to the upper part of the continental slope. During this event, headwalls up to 1600 m high were created and ca. 1150 km3 material from hemi-pelagic sediments and from the lower pre-existing trough mouth fan has been entrained and transported into the semi-enclosed Sophia Basin. This megaslide event was followed by a secondary evacuation of material to the Nansen Basin by funnelling of the debris through the channel between Polarstern Seamount and the adjacent continental slope. The main slide debris is overlain by a set of fining-upward sequences as evidence for the associated suspension cloud and following minor failure events. Subsequent adjustment of the eastern headwalls led to failure of rather soft sediments and creation of smaller debris flows that followed the main slide surficial topography. Discharge of the Hinlopen ice stream during the Last Glacial Maximum and the following deglaciation draped the central headwalls and created a fan deposit of glacigenic debris flows.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: submarine slides; slope stability; Arctic Ocean; Svalbard; gravity driven mass flow events; slope failure; ARK-XX/3
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.margeo.2007.11.013
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: EUROMARGINS
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2009 12:26
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 11:39
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/3775

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