Population genetics and reproductive strategies of two Notostraca (Crustacea) species from winter ponds in Israel.

Sorek, Michal, Douek, Jacob, Guy-Haim, Tamar , Simon-Blecher, Noa, Rinkevich, Baruch and Achituv, Yair (2016) Population genetics and reproductive strategies of two Notostraca (Crustacea) species from winter ponds in Israel. Zoology in the Middle East, 62 (4). pp. 331-341. DOI 10.1080/09397140.2016.1257404.

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Abstract

Fluorescent-amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) fingerprinting assay was used to compare the genetic diversity within and between tadpole shrimps (Notostraca) populations of Lepidurus apus (n=7) and Triops cancriformis (n=2) from rain pools in Israel. Each ephemeral water body has revealed a unique fingerprint pattern with an entailed genetic drift between nearby ponds. High similarity of genotypic diversity within each geographic area led to three clusters of water bodies, north, south and center of Israel. FAFLP assays on several newly hatched individuals of T. cancriformis revealed high identity amongst kin, as compared to L. apus where newly hatched from the same maternal source showed high diversity. Results indicate that T. cancriformis populations from Israel are probably parthenogenetic as indicated by clonal structures. The higher genetic variability in the L. apus populations and in laboratory-hatched specimens indicates the existence of sexual reproduction.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Notostraca; FAFLP; Israel; Triops cancriformis; Lepidurus apus lubboki; population genetics; winter ponds; nature conservation
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1080/09397140.2016.1257404
ISSN: 0939-7140
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2017 13:17
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:16
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/38273

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