Origin and evolution of primitive melts from the Debunscha Maar, Cameroon: Consequences for mantle source heterogeneity within the Cameroon Volcanic Line.

Ngwa, Caroline N., Hansteen, Thor H. , Devey, Colin W. , van der Zwan, Froukje M. and Suh, Cheo E. (2017) Origin and evolution of primitive melts from the Debunscha Maar, Cameroon: Consequences for mantle source heterogeneity within the Cameroon Volcanic Line. Open Access Lithos, 288/289 . pp. 326-337. DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.06.028.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• Debunscha Maar magmas mixed and fractional crystallised at upper mantle depths
• Its main magma source is peridotite with a minor pyroxenite component
• Amphibole signal and high olivine Ca/Al indicate a metasomatised peridotite mantle
• Mantle potential temperatures give no sign of an anomalous hot mantle

Abstract

Debunscha Maar is a monogenetic volcano forming part of the Mt. Cameroon volcanic field, located within the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL). Partly glassy cauliflower bombs have primitive basanite-picrobasalt compositions and contain abundant normally and reversely zoned olivine (Fo 77–87) and clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Naturally quenched melt inclusions in the most primitive olivine phenocrysts show compositions which, when corrected for post-entrapment modification, cover a wide range from basanite to alkali basalt (MgO 6.9–11.7 wt.%), and are generally more primitive than the matrix glasses (MgO 5.0–5.5 wt.%) and only partly fall on a common liquid line of descent with the bulk rock samples and matrix glasses. Melt inclusion trace element compositions lie on two distinct geochemical trends: one (towards high Ba/Nb) is thought to represent the effect of various proportions of anhydrous lherzolite and amphibole-bearing peridotite in the source, while the other (for example, high La/Y) reflects variable degrees of partial melting. Comparatively low fractionation-corrected CaO in the melt inclusions with the highest La/Y suggests minor involvement of a pyroxenite source component that is only visible at low degrees of melting. Most of the samples show elevated Gd/Yb, indicating up to 8% garnet in the source. The range of major and trace elements represented by the melt inclusions covers the complete geochemical range given by basalts from different volcanoes of the Cameroon volcanic line, indicating that geochemical signatures that were previously thought to be volcano-specific in fact are probably present under all volcanoes. Clinopyroxene-melt barometry strongly indicates repeated mixing of compositionally diverse melts within the upper mantle at 830 ± 170 MPa prior to eruption. Mantle potential temperatures estimated for the primitive melt inclusions suggest that the thermal influence of a mantle plume is not required to explain the magma petrogenesis.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Cameroon volcanic line, primitive melts, melts inclusions, Debunscha Maar
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.06.028
ISSN: 0024-4937
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 06:32
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2019 23:38
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/38788

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