Low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic: Implications for N2O cycling.

Grundle, Damian S., Löscher, Carolin R., Krahmann, Gerd , Altabet, M. A., Bange, Hermann W. , Karstensen, Johannes , Körtzinger, Arne and Fiedler, Björn (2017) Low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic: Implications for N2O cycling. Open Access Scientific Reports, 7 (1). Art.Nr. 4806. DOI 10.1038/s41598-017-04745-y.

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Abstract

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a climate relevant trace gas, and its production in the ocean generally increases under suboxic conditions. The Atlantic Ocean is well ventilated, and unlike the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZ) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, dissolved oxygen and N2O concentrations in the Atlantic OMZ are relatively high and low, respectively. This study, however, demonstrates that recently discovered low oxygen eddies in the eastern tropical North Atlantic (ETNA) can produce N2O concentrations much higher (up to 115 nmol L−1) than those previously reported for the Atlantic Ocean, and which are within the range of the highest concentrations found in the open-ocean OMZs of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. N2O isotope and isotopomer signatures, as well as molecular genetic results, also point towards a major shift in the N2O cycling pathway in the core of the low oxygen eddy discussed here, and we report the first evidence for potential N2O cycling via the denitrification pathway in the open Atlantic Ocean. Finally, we consider the implications of low oxygen eddies for bulk, upper water column N2O at the regional scale, and point out the possible need for a reevaluation of how we view N2O cycling in the ETNA.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/s41598-017-04745-y
ISSN: 2045-2322
Projects: Future Ocean, SOPRAN
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2017 06:00
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/38835

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