Oxygen isotopes in the Azores islands: Crustal assimilation recorded in olivine.

Genske, F. S., Beier, Christoph, Haase, K. M., Turner, S. P., Krumm, S. and Brandl, Philipp A. (2013) Oxygen isotopes in the Azores islands: Crustal assimilation recorded in olivine. Geology, 41 (4). pp. 491-494. DOI 10.1130/G33911.1.

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Abstract

Oxygen isotope ratios of olivine have become a widely used tool for the study of magmatic systems, especially in the interpretation of source heterogeneities in mantle plume-derived ocean island basalts. The underlying assumption is that fresh minerals provide a better guide to magma δO than bulk rock analyses and that olivine is also likely to be a major phenocryst phase in primitive magmas. However, distinctions between source compositions and the effects of subsequent magma evolution have not always been thoroughly scrutinized. For the Azores samples investigated here, we can demonstrate that the δO variation (+4.84‰ to +5.25‰ Vienna standard mean ocean water) observed in the olivine phenocryst population is closely linked to evolution in the host magmas during ascent to the surface. We observe a linear, positive correlation between forsterite (Fo) content and δO in all of the individual island lava suites. This forces us to conclude that the low oxygen isotope ratios result from combined assimilation and fractional crystallization processes, the assimilant being hydrothermally (temperature > 250 C) altered, lower oceanic crust. Linear regression of the measured δO olivine values to Fo suggests a homogeneous mantle source with δO = +5.2‰ ± 0.1‰. © 2013 Geological Society of America.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R07
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R09
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R03
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R10
Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R06
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1130/G33911.1
ISSN: 0091-7613
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 09:21
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 21:16
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39058

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