Structure of the oceanic lithosphere and upper mantle north of the Gloria fault in the eastern mid-Atlantic by receiver function analysis.

Hannemann, Katrin, Krüger, Frank, Dahm, Torsten and Lange, Dietrich (2017) Structure of the oceanic lithosphere and upper mantle north of the Gloria fault in the eastern mid-Atlantic by receiver function analysis. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122 (10). pp. 7927-7950. DOI 10.1002/2016JB013582.

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Abstract

Receiver functions (RF) have been used for several decades to study structures beneath seismic stations. Although most available stations are deployed on-shore, the number of ocean bottom station (OBS) experiments has increased in recent years. Almost all OBSs have to deal with higher noise levels and a limited deployment time (∼1 year), resulting in a small number of usable records of teleseismic earthquakes. Here, we use OBSs deployed as mid-aperture array in the deep ocean (4.5-5.5 km water depth) of the eastern mid-Atlantic. We use evaluation criteria for OBS data and beam forming to enhance the quality of the RFs. Although some stations show reverberations caused by sedimentary cover, we are able to identify the Moho signal, indicating a normal thickness (5-8 km) of oceanic crust. Observations at single stations with thin sediments (300-400 m) indicate that a probable sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) might exist at a depth of ∼70-80 km which is in line with LAB depth estimates for similar lithospheric ages in the Pacific. The mantle discontinuities at ∼410 km and ∼660 km are clearly identifiable. Their delay times are in agreement with PREM. Overall the usage of beam formed earthquake recordings for OBS RF analysis is an excellent way to increase the signal quality and the number of usable events.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: receiver function; oceanic lithosphere and mantle; ocean bottom seismology
Research affiliation: GFZ
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2016JB013582
ISSN: 0148-0227
Projects: DOCTAR
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 10:48
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 09:11
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39226

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