Short-term variability of dissolved rare earth elements and neodymium isotopes in the entire water column of the Panama Basin.

Grasse, Patricia , Bosse, L., Hathorne, Ed C. , Böning, P., Pahnke, K. and Frank, Martin (2017) Short-term variability of dissolved rare earth elements and neodymium isotopes in the entire water column of the Panama Basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 475 . pp. 242-253. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.022.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• High lithogenic input in surface waters in the Panama Basin results in radiogenic εNd of up to +4.3.
• Radiogenic Nd derived from particles can reset the Nd IC of water masses within time scales years.
• Lithogenic input of REEs and corresponding Nd IC in surface waters are seasonally influenced.

The distribution of dissolved rare earth elements (REEs) and neodymium isotopes (εNd) in the open ocean traces water mass mixing and provides information on lithogenic inputs to the source regions of the water masses. However, the processes influencing the REE budget at the ocean margins, in particular source and sink mechanisms, are not yet well quantified. In this study the first dissolved REE concentrations and Nd isotope compositions of seawater from the Panama Basin (RV Meteor cruise M90) in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific (EEP) are presented. The EEP is characterized by one of the world's largest oxygen minimum zones (OMZs). It is dominated by high particle fluxes that are expected to enhance the removal of REEs from the water column by scavenging. The measured REE concentrations peak at the surface indicating high lithogenic input, which is supported by shale-normalized REE patterns in surface waters and highly radiogenic εNd signatures ranging between +1.4 and +4.3, the latter value constituting the most radiogenic value measured for seawater to date. In contrast, intermediate and deep water REE concentrations are low compared to other Pacific Basins and suggest enhanced removal via scavenging associated with high particle fluxes. The εNd signatures of intermediate and deep waters are less radiogenic than surface waters ranging between −1.4 and +1.3 but significantly more radiogenic than source water masses in the EEP. The εNd signatures consequently do not reflect mixing of intermediate and deep water masses entering the Panama Basin but can only be explained by lithogenic inputs originating from source rocks with highly radiogenic Nd isotope signatures such as the Central American Volcanic Arc (εNd=+3 to +10). Our data demonstrate significant surface input via continental particles, which are partially dissolved in the water column and thereby release REEs and particularly radiogenic Nd isotope signatures to the subsurface ocean. Data obtained from a re-occupied station in the southern Panama Basin for the first time shows that these processes can partially reset water mass Nd isotope and REE signatures of the entire water column proximal to continental sources on time scales of a few years.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: neodymium isotopes, rare earth elements, oxygen minimum zone, particle scavenging, lithogenic input, Panama Basin
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.022
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: SFB754
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 08:12
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39235

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