Epibenthic communities associated with unintentional artificial reefs (modern shipwrecks) under contrasting regimes of nutrients in the Levantine Sea (Cyprus and Lebanon).

Jimenez, Carlos, Andreou, Vasilis, Evriviadou, Marina, Munkes, Britta, Hadjioannou, Louis, Petrou, Antonis and Abu Alhaija, Rana (2017) Epibenthic communities associated with unintentional artificial reefs (modern shipwrecks) under contrasting regimes of nutrients in the Levantine Sea (Cyprus and Lebanon). Open Access PLoS ONE, 12 (8). e0182486. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0182486.

[img]
Preview
Text
journal.pone.0182486.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (6Mb) | Preview
[img] Other (Raw data of benthic cover percentage of epibenthic communities on Zenobia and Alice-B shipwrecks from photo-frames, estimated using coral point cover)
S1Dataset.xlsx - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (92Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Artificial reefs, in the Eastern Mediterranean (Cyprus,) became a popular and frequently used tool, in fisheries and biodiversity conservation management. Even though evaluation studies about the efficacy of artificial reefs are plentiful in the rest of the Mediterranean (Central and Western), in the Eastern Basin they are largely absent. As the Eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea is characterised by unique physical parameters, the necessity to study artificial reefs under these contrasting regimes increases. The epibenthic communities of two unintentional artificial reefs (modern shipwrecks) in Cyprus (Zenobia) and Lebanon (Alice-B) were evaluated in 2010. Both shipwrecks are at similar depth, type of sea bottom, made of the same material (steel) and were sunk approximately the same period of time. However, Alice-B shipwreck off the coast of Lebanon is constantly exposed to higher levels of nutrients than Zenobia in Cyprus. Significant dissimilarities were observed in the composition, percentage of benthic cover of predominant taxonomic groups and development of the epibenthic communities. Differences in physical and chemical parameters between sides lay mainly in the nutrient and thermal regimes affecting the shipwrecks and most likely bring about the differences in the observed community structure. The results of this study suggest that epibenthic communities could be highly impacted by eutrophication caused by anthropogenic activities, leading to less biodiverse

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182486
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 07:42
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:16
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39365

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...