Teleseismic P-wave polarization analysis at the Gräfenberg array.

Cristiano, L., Meier, T., Krüger, F., Keers, H. and Weidle, C. (2016) Teleseismic P-wave polarization analysis at the Gräfenberg array. Geophysical Journal International, 207 (3). pp. 1456-1471. DOI 10.1093/gji/ggw339.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

P-wave polarization at the Gräfenberg array (GRF) in southern Germany is analysed in terms of azimuthal deviations and deviations in the vertical polarization using 20 yr of broad-band recordings. An automated procedure for estimating P-wave polarization parameters is suggested, based on the definition of a characteristic function, which evaluates the polarization angles and their time variability as well as the amplitude, linearity and the signal-to-noise ratio of the P wave. P-wave polarization at the GRF array is shown to depend mainly on frequency and backazimuth and only slightly on epicentral distance indicating depth-dependent local anisotropy and lateral heterogeneity. A harmonic analysis is applied to the azimuthal anomalies to analyse their periodicity as a function of backazimuth. The dominant periods are 180° and 360°. At low frequencies, between 0.03 and 0.1 Hz, the observed fast directions of azimuthal anisotropy inferred from the 180° periodicity are similar across the array. The average fast direction of azimuthal anisotropy at these frequencies is N20°E with an uncertainty of about 8° and is consistent with fast directions of Pn-wave propagation. Lateral velocity gradients determined for the low-frequency band are compatible with the Moho topography of the area. A more complex pattern in the horizontal fast axis orientation beneath the GRF array is observed in the high-frequency band between 0.1 and 0.5 Hz, and is attributed to anisotropy in the upper crust. A remarkable rotation of the horizontal fast axis orientation across the suture between the geological units Moldanubicum and Saxothuringicum is observed. In contrast, the 360° periodicity at high frequencies is rather consistent across the array and may either point to lower velocities in the upper crust towards the Bohemian Massif and/or to anisotropy dipping predominantly in the NE–SW direction. Altogether, P-wave polarization analysis indicates the presence of layered lithospheric anisotropy in the area of the GRF array. Seismic anisotropy is more variable in the brittle upper crust compared to lower crustal and subcrustal depths.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Body waves, Seismic anisotropy, Wave propagation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R06
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R09
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1093/gji/ggw339
ISSN: 0956-540X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 13:35
Last Modified: 20 May 2019 15:14
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39616

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