Indigenous Identity, Natural Resources, and Contentious Politics in Bolivia.

Kuhn, A. and Pierskalla, J. H. (2015) Indigenous Identity, Natural Resources, and Contentious Politics in Bolivia. Comparative Political Studies, 48 (3). pp. 301-332. DOI 10.1177/0010414014545012.

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Abstract

How do natural resources and ethnic identity interact to incite or to mitigate social conflict? This article argues that high-value natural resources can act as an important catalyst for the politicization of ethnic, specifically indigenous identity, and contribute to social conflict as they limit the malleability of identity frames and raise the stakes of confrontations. We test this argument using unique sub-national data from Bolivian provinces. Drawing on Bolivian newspaper reports, we code conflict events for all of the 112 provinces from 2000 to 2011. We join this conflict data with information on local ethnic composition from the census, the political representation of ethnic groups at the national level, as well as geo-spatial information on gas deposits. Using time-series cross-sectional count models, we show a significant conflict-promoting effect of the share of indigenous people in provinces with gas reserves, but not without.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R02
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1177/0010414014545012
ISSN: 0010-4140
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2017 14:47
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 11:11
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/39850

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