The emergence of equatorial deep jets in an idealised primitive equation model: an interpretation in terms of basin modes.

Matthießen, Jan-Dirk, Greatbatch, Richard John , Claus, Martin , Ascani, Francois and Brandt, Peter (2017) The emergence of equatorial deep jets in an idealised primitive equation model: an interpretation in terms of basin modes. Open Access Ocean Dynamics, 67 (12). pp. 1511-1522. DOI 10.1007/s10236-017-1111-y.

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Abstract

Ocean circulation models do not generally exhibit equatorial deep jets (EDJs), even though EDJs are a recognised feature of the observed ocean circulation along the equator and they are thought to be important for tracer transport along the equator and even equatorial climate. EDJs are nevertheless found in nonlinear primitive equation models with idealised box geometry. Here we analyse several such model runs. We note that the variability of the zonal velocity in the model is dominated by the gravest linear equatorial basin mode for a wide range of baroclinic vertical normal modes and that the EDJs in the model are dominated by energy contained in vertical modes between 10 and 20. The emergence of the EDJs is shown to involve the linear superposition of several such neighbouring basin modes. Furthermore, the phase of these basin modes is set at the start of the model run and, in the case of the reference experiment, the same basin modes can be found in a companion experiment in which the amplitude of the forcing has been reduced by a factor of 1000. We also argue that following the spin-up, energy must be transferred between different vertical modes. This is because the model simulations are dominated by downward phase propagation following the spin-up whereas our reconstructions imply episodes of upward and downward propagation. The transfer of energy between the vertical modes is associated with a decadal modulation of the EDJs.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/603521
Keywords: Ocean circulation model; Equatorial deep jets; Basin modes; Spin-up
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754 > A9
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A4
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
OceanRep > SFB 754
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s10236-017-1111-y
ISSN: 1616-7341
Projects: RACE, SACUS, PREFACE, SFB754
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2017 09:38
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 06:59
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40024

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