The Chiloé Mw 7.6 earthquake of 25 December 2016 in Southern Chile and its relation to the Mw 9.5 1960 Valdivia earthquake.

Lange, Dietrich , Ruiz, Javier, Carrasco, Sebastian and Manriquez, Paula (2018) The Chiloé Mw 7.6 earthquake of 25 December 2016 in Southern Chile and its relation to the Mw 9.5 1960 Valdivia earthquake. Open Access Geophysical Journal International, 213 (1). pp. 210-221. DOI 10.1093/gji/ggx514.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

On 25 December 2016, a Mw 7.6 earthquake broke a portion of the Southern Chilean
subduction zone south of Chiloé Island, located in the central part of the Mw 9.5
1960 Valdivia earthquake. This region is characterized by repeated earthquakes in 1960 and
historical times with very sparse interseismic activity due to the subduction of a young
(~15 Ma), and therefore hot, oceanic plate. We estimate the co-seismic slip distribution based
on a kinematic finite fault source model, and through joint inversion of teleseismic body
waves and strong motion data. The coseismic slip model yields a total seismic moment of
3.94×1020 Nm that occurred over ~30 s, with the rupture propagating mainly downdip,
reaching a peak-slip of ~4.2 m. Regional moment tensor inversion of stronger aftershocks
reveals thrust type faulting at depths of the plate interface. The fore- and aftershock seismicity
is mostly related to the subduction interface with sparse seismicity in the overriding crust. The 2016 Chiloé event broke a region with increased locking and most likely broke an asperity of
the 1960 earthquake. The updip limit of the main event, aftershocks, foreshocks and
interseismic activity are spatially similar, located ~15 km offshore and parallel to Chiloé
Islands west coast. The coseismic slip model of the 2016 Chiloé earthquake suggests a peak
slip of 4.2 m that locally exceeds the 3.38 m slip deficit that has accumulated since 1960.
Therefore, the 2016 Chiloé earthquake possibly released strain that has built up prior to the
1960 Valdivia earthquake.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: 2016 Chiloé earthquake, Southern Chile, 1960 Valdivia Earthquake, South America; Earthquake source observations; Seismicity and tectonics; Continental margins: convergent; Subduction zone processes
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1093/gji/ggx514
ISSN: 0956-540X
Projects: FONDECYT
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 09:38
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:09
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40143

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