Controls over δ 44/40 Ca and Sr/Ca variations in coccoliths: New perspectives from laboratory cultures and cellular models.

Mejia, Luz María, Paytan, Adina, Eisenhauer, Anton , Böhm, Florian, Kolevica, Ana, Bolton, Clara, Méndez-Vicente, Ana, Abrevaya, Lorena, Isensee, Kirsten and Stoll, Heather (2018) Controls over δ 44/40 Ca and Sr/Ca variations in coccoliths: New perspectives from laboratory cultures and cellular models. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 481 . pp. 48-60. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.10.013.

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Abstract

Coccoliths comprise a major fraction of the global carbonate sink. Therefore, changes in coccolithophores' Ca isotopic fractionation could affect seawater Ca isotopic composition, affecting interpretations of the global Ca cycle and related changes in seawater chemistry and climate. Despite this, a quantitative interpretation of coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation and a clear understanding of the mechanisms driving it are not yet available. Here, we address this gap in knowledge by developing a simple model (CaSri–Co) to track coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation during cellular Ca uptake and allocation to calcification. We then apply it to published and new δ44/40Ca and Sr/Ca data of cultured coccolithophores of the species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica. We identify changes in calcification rates, Ca retention efficiency and solvation–desolvation rates as major drivers of the Ca isotopic fractionation and Sr/Ca variations observed in cultures. Higher calcification rates, higher Ca retention efficiencies and lower solvation–desolvation rates increase both coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation and Sr/Ca. Coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation is most sensitive to changes in solvation–desolvation rates. Changes in Ca retention efficiency may be a major driver of coccolith Sr/Ca variations in cultures. We suggest that substantial changes in the water structure strength caused by past changes in temperature could have induced significant changes in coccolithophores' Ca isotopic fractionation, potentially having some influence on seawater Ca isotopic composition. We also suggest a potential effect on Ca isotopic fractionation via modification of the solvation environment through cellular exudates, a hypothesis that remains to be tested.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ca isotopic fractionation, calcium isotopes, CaSri–Co model, coccolith calcification, coccolithophores, desolvation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.10.013
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 08:19
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40262

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