Examination of a high resolution laser optical plankton counter and FlowCAM for measuring plankton concentration and size.

Kydd, J., Rajakaruna, H., Briski, Elizabeta and Bailey, S. (2018) Examination of a high resolution laser optical plankton counter and FlowCAM for measuring plankton concentration and size. Open Access Journal of Sea Research, 133 . pp. 2-10. DOI 10.1016/j.seares.2017.01.003.

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Supplementary data:


• A High Resolution-LOPC and a FlowCAM were evaluated for ballast water monitoring.
• Both instruments underestimated density compared to microscopy.
• Size measurements can be affected by organism orientation and complex morphology.
• Both tools might be particularly useful when working with a known community.

Many commercial ships will soon begin to use treatment systems to manage their ballast water and reduce the global transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in accordance with upcoming International Maritime Organization regulations. As a result, rapid and accurate automated methods will be needed to monitoring compliance of ships' ballast water. We examined two automated particle counters for monitoring organisms ≥ 50 μm in minimum dimension: a High Resolution Laser Optical Plankton Counter (HR-LOPC), and a Flow Cytometer with digital imaging Microscope (FlowCAM), in comparison to traditional (manual) microscopy considering plankton concentration, size frequency distributions and particle size measurements. The automated tools tended to underestimate particle concentration compared to standard microscopy, but gave similar results in terms of relative abundance of individual taxa. For most taxa, particle size measurements generated by FlowCAM ABD (Area Based Diameter) were more similar to microscope measurements than were those by FlowCAM ESD (Equivalent Spherical Diameter), though there was a mismatch in size estimates for some organisms between the FlowCAM ABD and microscope due to orientation and complex morphology. When a single problematic taxon is very abundant, the resulting size frequency distribution curves can become skewed, as was observed with Asterionella in this study. In particular, special consideration is needed when utilizing automated tools to analyse samples containing colonial species. Re-analysis of the size frequency distributions with the removal of Asterionella from FlowCAM and microscope data resulted in more similar curves across methods with FlowCAM ABD having the best fit compared to the microscope, although microscope concentration estimates were still significantly higher than estimates from the other methods. The results of our study indicate that both automated tools can generate frequency distributions of particles that might be particularly useful if correction factors can be developed for known differences in well-studied aquatic ecosystems.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ballast water; Compliance monitoring; Indicative analysis; Particle abundance; Particle size; Size frequency distribution
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.seares.2017.01.003
ISSN: 1385-1101
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 11:48
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40522

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