3D carbon networks and their polymer composites: Fabrication and electromechanical investigations of neat Aerographite and Aerographite-based PNCs under compressive load.

Garlof, S., Mecklenburg, M., Smazna, D., Mishra, Y. K., Adelung, Rainer, Schulte, K. and Fiedler, B. (2017) 3D carbon networks and their polymer composites: Fabrication and electromechanical investigations of neat Aerographite and Aerographite-based PNCs under compressive load. Carbon, 111 . pp. 103-112. DOI 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.09.046.

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Abstract

Aerographite is a lightweight 3D nanocarbon network which offers covalent interconnections for polymer nanocomposites (PNCs). Here, the electrical and mechanical properties of neat Aerographite and Aerographite-based PNCs are investigated in detail. The Aerographite filler networks consist of hollow, graphitic tubes of μm-sized diameters and nm-sized wall thicknesses. Different densities of Aerographite in the range of 0.6–13.9 mg/cm3 have been investigated towards their mechanical deformation behavior, electrical conductivities and piezoresistive response under compression. This basic characterization of filler networks is compared to resulting PNCs if the Aerographite is fully embedded in epoxy matrix. It can be shown that the use of 3D interconnected Aerographite results in high electrical conductivities at low filler contents, e.g., 2–8.7 S/m for weight fractions of 0.1–1.2 wt.-%. The neat Aerographite has been characterized in detail by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy techniques. To explain the observed piezoresistive behavior of these 3D nanocarbon-based PNCs, a qualitative micromechanical model is introduced. The model describes the internal graphitic wall slippage and loss of interconnections of the inner electrically conductive networks under load. The piezoresistive response of Aerographite-based PNCs can be directly correlated to the applied outer mechanical loads.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.09.046
ISSN: 0008-6223
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 12:32
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 13:14
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40635

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