Forest cover loss in Paraguay and perception of ecosystem services: A case study of the Upper Parana Forest.

Da Ponte, Emmanuel, Kuenzer, Claudia, Parker, Amanda, Rodas, Oscar, Oppelt, Natascha and Fleckenstein, Martina (2017) Forest cover loss in Paraguay and perception of ecosystem services: A case study of the Upper Parana Forest. Ecosystem Services, 24 . pp. 200-212. DOI 10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.03.009.

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Abstract

The Upper Parana Atlantic Forest (BAAPA) in Paraguay is one of the most threatened tropical forests in the world. Relentless agricultural encroachment has left less than 10% of its original cover intact. Many strategies and programs have been initiated, such as Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) schemes, to halt forest cover loss. While the approach of ecosystem services (ES) has been continuously applied by policy makers, it has not been perceived strongly by the direct users of the forest. This study provides a comprehensive understanding on how landowners in the BAAPA perceive and benefits from ES derived from the forest and examines the influence of farmers on forest conservation. The results were obtained from an extensive household survey performed in the BAAPA region. An understanding of the high ecological value of the forest is common to all farmers. A strong dependency on forest-related products was observed for small and medium landowners whereas large-scale farmers considered the forest’s main value to be mostly recreational and cultural. PES appears to be well accepted by forest owners, but it must receive stronger promotion. Understanding the importance of ecosystem services is a valuable contribution toward to conserving natural resources.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Paraguay Atlantic forest Forest cover loss Ecosystem services Household survey Perception
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.03.009
ISSN: 2212-0416
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 11:42
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2019 13:21
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/40907

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