Increasing stoichiometric imbalance in North America's largest lake: Nitrification in Lake Superior.

Sterner, Robert W., Anagnostou, Eleni , Brovold, Sandra, Bullerjahn, George S., Finlay, Jacques C., Kumar, Sanjeev, McKay, R. Michael L. and Sherrell, Robert M. (2007) Increasing stoichiometric imbalance in North America's largest lake: Nitrification in Lake Superior. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (10). L10406. DOI 10.1029/2006GL028861.

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Abstract

Lake Superior has exhibited a continuous, century-long increase in nitrate whereas phosphate remains at very low levels. Increasing nitrate and low phosphate has led to a present-day severe stoichiometric imbalance; Lake Superior's deepwater NO3−:PO43− molar ratio is 10,000, more than 600 times the mean requirement ratio for primary producers. We examine the rate of [NO3−] increase relative to budgets for NO3− and fixed N. Nitrate in Lake Superior has continued to rise since 1980, though possibly at a reduced rate. We constructed whole-lake NO3− and N budgets and found that NO3− must be generated in the lake at significant rates. Stable O isotope results indicate that most NO3− in the lake originated by in-lake oxidation. Nitrate in the lake is responding not just to NO3− loading but also to oxidation of reduced forms of nitrogen delivered to the lake. The increasing [NO3−]:[PO43−] stoichiometric imbalance in this large lake is largely determined by these in-situ processes.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: ecological stoichiometry; eutrophication; nitrification
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2006GL028861
ISSN: 0094-8276
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 13:22
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 13:22
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41307

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