Effects of Ocean Acidification on Atlantic Cod Larvae (Gadus morhua).

Stiasny, Martina H. (2017) Effects of Ocean Acidification on Atlantic Cod Larvae (Gadus morhua). Open Access (PhD/ Doctoral thesis), Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 99 pp.

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Abstract

Throughout the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first century technical advancements in many industries as well as the vast increase in world population have led to increasing emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. The changes in the chemistry of the atmosphere not only result in retention of heat causing global warming, but also transfer to the oceans. The world’s oceans are not only warming, but are furthermore acidifying through the reaction of seawater with carbon dioxide, measured in pH and termed ocean acidification. The aim of this thesis was to provide greater understanding of the impact of ocean acidification on one of the most important commercial species, the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and to provide a quantitative foundation to evaluate recruitment processes of this species. This thesis has quantified the effect of ocean acidification on larval survival of two Atlantic cod stocks from the Western Baltic Sea and the Barents Sea and how this translates into the recruitment of these populations. Additionally, the effect of acidification and its interaction with food availability on larval growth was quantified for the Barents Sea cod. In order to investigate the potential for adaptation or acclimation, it was furthermore explored whether the acclimation of the parental generation to acidification had a significant effect on larval survival and organ development. The results of this dissertation demonstrate that ocean acidification may pose a severe threat to Atlantic cod populations. Nonetheless, the exact effects are very complex and rely on other factors, like the exposure of the parental generation to acidification and on food availability to the larvae.

Document Type: Thesis (PhD/ Doctoral thesis)
Thesis Advisors: Reusch, Thorsten B. H. and Puebla, Oscar
Additional Information: Tag der Disputation: 7.November 2017 Zum Druck genehmigt: 7.November 2017 Pflicht erfüllt: 2018
Keywords: Ocean Acidification, climate change, larvae, cod, fisheries; Ozeanversauerung, Klimawandel, Larven, Dorsch, Fischerei
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Projects: BIOACID, KOSMOS
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 10:26
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:05
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41419

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