Tank experiments with natural plankton: The influence of light and zooplankton grazing on pelagic system structure.

Nöthig, Eva-Maria (1986) Tank experiments with natural plankton: The influence of light and zooplankton grazing on pelagic system structure. Ophelia, Suppl. 4 . pp. 179-190.

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Abstract

The development of natural plankton populations in tanks (1000l) and in Kiel Bight is compared with special references to mechanisms affecting species composition in spring and early summer. In a first experiment, three tanks filled with surface water just prior to the bloom (February 1983) were held under different light conditions. Exponential growth coincided with onset of the growth in the field. Growth in the two darkened tanks was retarded. In the field, a bloom of mainly Thalassiosira polychorda was observed, whereas in the light tank Thlassiosira 'pseudonana' and in the two darker tanks Skeletonema costatum were the domninant species. The observed shift in species compositions between tanks and in the field can be attributed partly to differences in growth strategies of species involved but also to the specific effect of population enclosure. In a second experiment (May/ June 1983) the influence of grazing pressure was studied in two tanks with different abundance of metazooplankton. Nauplii as well as large protozoans were grazed down more rapidly than the samller phytoflagellates, which confirmed earlier hypotheses based on field observations. After decline of grazers, possibly due to starvation, a succession from bacteria to nanoflagellates and then ciliates was observed.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 0078-5326
Projects: Boknis Eck
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 13:32
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 08:31
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41586

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