How far are rheological parameters from amplitude sweep tests predictable using common physicochemical soil properties?.

Stoppe, N. and Horn, R. (2017) How far are rheological parameters from amplitude sweep tests predictable using common physicochemical soil properties?. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 790 . DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/790/1/012032.

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Abstract

A basic understanding of soil behavior on the mesoscale resp. macroscale (i.e. soil aggregates resp. bulk soil) requires knowledge of the processes at the microscale (i.e. particle scale), therefore rheological investigations of natural soils receive growing attention. In the present research homogenized and sieved (< 2 mm) samples from Marshland soils of the riparian zone of the River Elbe (North Germany) were analyzed with a modular compact rheometer MCR 300 (Anton Paar, Ostfildern, Germany) with a profiled parallel-plate measuring system. Amplitude sweep tests (AST) with controlled shear deformation were conducted to investigate the viscoelastic properties of the studied soils under oszillatory stress. The gradual depletion of microstructural stiffness during AST cannot only be characterized by the well-known rheological parameters G, G'' and tan δ but also by the dimensionless area parameter integral z, which quantifies the elasticity of microstructure. To discover the physicochemical parameters, which influences the microstructural stiffness, statistical tests were used taking the combined effects of these parameters into account. Although the influence of the individual factors varies depending on soil texture, the physicochemical features significantly affecting soil micro structure were identified. Based on the determined statistical relationships between rheological and physicochemical parameters, pedotransfer functions (PTF) have been developed, which allow a mathematical estimation of the rheological target value integral z. Thus, stabilizing factors are: soil organic matter, concentration of Ca²⁺, content of CaCO3 and pedogenic iron oxides; whereas the concentration of Na⁺ and water content represent structurally unfavorable factors.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1088/1742-6596/790/1/012032
ISSN: 1742-6588
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 12:05
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 10:58
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41630

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