Aluminium in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Labrador Sea (GEOTRACES GA01 section): roles of continental inputs and biogenic particle removal.

Menzel Barraqueta, Jan-Lukas , Schlosser, Christian , Planquette, Hélène, Gourain, Arthur, Cheize, Marie, Boutorh, Julia, Shelley, Rachel, Pereira Contreira, Leonardo, Gledhill, Martha , Hopwood, Mark J. , Lherminier, Pascale, Sarthou, Geraldine and Achterberg, Eric P. (2018) Aluminium in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Labrador Sea (GEOTRACES GA01 section): roles of continental inputs and biogenic particle removal. Open Access Biogeosciences (BG), 15 (16). pp. 5271-5286. DOI 10.5194/bg-2018-39.

[img]
Preview
Text
bg-15-5271-2018.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (3340Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
bg-15-5271-2018-supplement.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0.

Download (429Kb) | Preview

Supplementary data:

Abstract

The distribution of dissolved aluminium (dAl) in the water column of the North Atlantic and Labrador Sea was studied along GEOTRACES section GA01 to unravel the sources and sinks of this element. Surface water dAl concentrations were low (median of 2.5 nM) due to low aerosol deposition and removal by phytoplankton. However, surface water dAl concentrations were enhanced on the Iberian and Greenland shelves (up to 30.9 nM) due to continental inputs (rivers, glacial flour and ice melt). A negative correlation was observed between dAl in surface waters and primary production, phytoplankton community structure and biogenic opal production. The abundance of diatoms exerted a significant (p < 0.01) control on the surface particulate Al (pAl) to dAl ratios by decreasing dAl levels and increasing pAl levels. Dissolved Al concentrations generally increased with depth and correlated strongly with silicate (R2 > 0.76) west of the Iberian Basin, suggesting net release of dAl at depth during remineralization of sinking biogenic opal containing particles. Enrichment of dAl at near-bottom depths was observed due to resuspension of sediments near the sediment-water interface. The highest dAl (up to 38.7 nM) concentrations were observed in Mediterranean Overflow Waters which act as a major source of dAl to mid depth waters of the eastern North Atlantic. This study clearly shows that the vertical and lateral distribution of dAl in the North Atlantic differs when compared to other regions of the North Atlantic and global ocean due to the large spatial differences both in the main source of Al, atmospheric deposition, and the main sink for Al, particle scavenging, between different oceanic regions.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Aluminium, North Atlantic Ocean, Labrador Sea, continental inputs, biogenic particle removal
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
IFREMER
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-2018-39
ISSN: 1726-4170
Projects: GEOVIDE
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 10:05
Last Modified: 23 May 2019 12:01
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41708

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...