Occurrence of the cephalopod Martialia hyadesi (Teuthoidea: Ommastrephidae) at the Kerguelen Islands in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean.

Piatkowski, Uwe , Rodhouse, Paul G. and Duhamel, Guy (1991) Occurrence of the cephalopod Martialia hyadesi (Teuthoidea: Ommastrephidae) at the Kerguelen Islands in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean. Open Access Polar Biology, 11 . pp. 273-275. DOI 10.1007/BF00238462.

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Abstract

In the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, data from vertebrate predators and commercial fisheries suggests that the distribution of the ommast rephid squid Martialia hyadesi is related to the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone, but it spreads further to the north in some years (Rodhouse, in press). A mass stranding of M. hyadesi occurred on Macquarie Island in 1971 (O'Sullivan et al. 1983) suggesting that its distribution is c ircumpolar (Rodhouse and Yeatman 1990). However, apart from a single beak collected from the s tomach of a wandering albatross at Mar ion Island (Imber and Berruti 1981) its presence has not, until now, been confirmed in the Indian Ocean sector and in particular it is not included in the list of cephalopods from the Kerguelenian Province (Lu and Mangold 1978). M. hyadesi is a major prey item of the grey-headed albatross, Diomedea chrysostoma, and the southern elephant seal, Mirounoa leonina, at South Georgia (Rodhouse et al. 1990; Rodhouse et al., unpublished data) and is present in the diet o f several other predators in the Scotia Sea area including the wandering albatross, Diomedea exulans (Rodhouse et al. 1987) and the giant petrels, Macronectes halli and M. gioanteus (Hunter 1983). It occasionally occurs as a significant by-catch in the lllex argentinus fishery on the Pa tagonian Shelf and has been taken during commercial squid jigging trials in the Scotia Sea at the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone (Rodhouse, in press). It appears to have potential for commercial exploitation in the sub-Antarctic waters of the Atlantic sector of the
Southern Ocean (Rodhouse 1990).
In view of the ecological importance of M. hyadesi to Antarctic predators, and the likelihood that it will be commercially exploited in the future, it is important to
thoroughly establish its geographical range, and in particular to confirm its circumpolar distribution.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/BF00238462
ISSN: 0722-4060
Projects: CephLit
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
CephLit1924
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:27
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2018 11:46
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/4173

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