Performance of Multibeam Echosounder Backscatter-Based Classification for Monitoring Sediment Distributions Using Multitemporal Large-Scale Ocean Data Sets.

Snellen, Mirjam, Gaida, Timo C., Koop, Leo, Alevizos, Evangelos and Simons, Dick G. (2019) Performance of Multibeam Echosounder Backscatter-Based Classification for Monitoring Sediment Distributions Using Multitemporal Large-Scale Ocean Data Sets. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 44 (1). pp. 142-155. DOI 10.1109/JOE.2018.2791878.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Obtaining an overview of the spatial and temporal distribution of seabed sediments is of high interest for multiple research disciplines. Multibeam echosounders allow for the mapping of seabed sediments with high area coverage. In this paper, the repeatability of acoustic classification derived from multibeam echosounder backscatter is addressed. To this end, multibeam echosounder backscatter data acquired on the Cleaver Bank (North Sea) during five different surveys is employed using two different classification methods, i.e., a method based on the principal component analyses and the Bayesian technique. Different vessels were used for the different surveys. The comparison of the classification results between the different surveys indicates good repeatability. This repeatability demonstrates the potential of using backscatter for long-term environmental monitoring. However, the use of different classification methods results in somewhat different classification maps. Monitoring, therefore, requires the consistent use of a single method. Furthermore, it is found that the statistical characteristics of backscatter is such that clustering algorithms are less suited to discern the number of sediment types present in the study area. The Bayesian technique accounting for backscatter statistics is therefore recommended. A strong positive correlation between backscatter and median grain size for finer sediments (<0.5 mm) using a frequency of 300 kHz is observed within the study area, but an ambiguity is found for sediments with median grain sizes >0.5 mm. Consequently, for the situation considered a unique assignment of sediment type to acoustic class is not possible for these coarser sediments.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Backscatter, monitoring, multibeam echosounder, repeatability, seafloor, sediment classification
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems > DeepSea Monitoring
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1109/JOE.2018.2791878
ISSN: 0364-9059
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2018 10:47
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 09:05
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/41891

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