Rapid evolution of highly variable competitive abilities in a key phytoplankton species.

Bach, Lennart T., Lohbeck, Kai T., Reusch, Thorsten B. H. and Riebesell, Ulf (2018) Rapid evolution of highly variable competitive abilities in a key phytoplankton species. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2 . pp. 611-613. DOI 10.1038/s41559-018-0474-x.

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Abstract

Climate change challenges plankton communities, but evolutionary adaptation could mitigate the potential impacts. Here, we tested with the phytoplankton species Emiliania huxleyi whether adaptation to a stressor under laboratory conditions leads to equivalent fitness gains in a more natural environment. We found that fitness advantages that had evolved under laboratory conditions were masked by pleiotropic effects in natural plankton communities. Moreover, new genotypes with highly variable competitive abilities evolved on timescales significantly shorter than climate change.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Carbon cycle; Climate change; Evolutionary ecology; Experimental evolution; Marine biology
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1038/s41559-018-0474-x
ISSN: 2397-334X
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2018 08:33
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2018 10:21
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42020

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