The sponge association of the abyssal Norwegian Greenland Sea: Species composition, substrate relationships and distribution.

Barthel, Dagmar and Tendal, Ole Secher (1993) The sponge association of the abyssal Norwegian Greenland Sea: Species composition, substrate relationships and distribution. Sarsia, 78 (2). pp. 83-96. DOI 10.1080/00364827.1993.10413524.

[img] Text
Sarsia 78 83-96, 1993.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1479Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

During the ‘Meteor’ Expedition 13 in July and August 1990 to the northern part of the Norwegian Sea off west Spitsbergen, 7 stations with a depth of 2000 m or more were sampled with Agassiz trawl or hyperbenthos sledge, 14 more with a large box corer. Sponges were found at 6 of the trawl stations and in 2 box cores. A total of 19 species occurred, most of which were new to the area. Eight of the species were encountered more often than the other 11. Literature review and check of unpublished samples showed that by distribution, frequency of occurrence or abundance these species can be defined as the typical sponge association of the Norwegian and Greenland abyssal sea. This sponge association has a wide occurrence over the deep Norwegian-Greenland seas and parts of the Arctic basins. The analysis of substrate utilization of the 8 core species shows that all of them are able to colonize soft bottom, even some that previously had been considered to be dependent on hard substrate exclusively. Alternative substrate utilization and, in some species, the adoption of an infaunallife style are judged to be major reasons for the success of these species in the deep sea. The infaunal life style of the species Thenea abyssorum, Trichostemma sol and Tentorium semisuberites is documented and population structure data are given for the first time.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1080/00364827.1993.10413524
ISSN: 0036-4827
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2018 14:31
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 14:31
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...